A vasectomy is a surgical procedure that creates permanent infertility. Although it is possible to have the surgery reversed, patients should not have this procedure done until they are positive that they are finished having children. A vasectomy is a safe, outpatient procedure with few side effects, and takes about 20 to 30 minutes to complete.
During a vasectomy, the vas deferens from each testicle is clamped or cut, preventing sperm from mixing with the semen that is normally ejaculated from the penis. The doctor makes one or two small openings in your scrotum, and through an opening the two vas deferens tubes are cut and then sealed. The vas deferens is then replaced inside the scrotum and the skin is closed with stitches that dissolve and do not have to be removed.
What To Expect After Surgery
Following surgery, your scrotum will be numb for 1 to 2 hours. Apply cold packs to the area and lie on your back as much as possible for the rest of the day. You may have some swelling and minor pain in your scrotum for several days after the surgery and applying ice packs will help alleviate the pain. Patients typically return to work in 1 or 2 days.
For several weeks after surgery, you need to bring in samples of your semen so that the doctor may determine a decreased count. Once your sperm count has reached zero, you may engage in sexual intercourse without an additional form of birth control.
A vasectomy will not interfere with your sex drive, ability to have erections, sensation of orgasm, or ability to ejaculate. You may resume sexual intercourse as soon as you are comfortable, usually in about a week.