Prostate cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in a man's prostate gland, a gland that sits just below the bladder. Prostate cancer grows slowly and can take years to grow large enough to cause any problems. Most cases are treatable, because they are found with screening tests before the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
What Are The Symptoms?
In its early stages, prostate cancer does not cause any symptoms; however, once problems are noticed these symptoms are similar to other urinary problems such as BPH. These symptoms include: a weak urine stream, inability to urinate, painful urination, blood in the urine, and a deep pain in your lower back, belly, hip, or pelvis.
The most common way to check for prostate cancer is to have a digital rectal exam, which will allow the doctor to feel your prostate. A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test is also routinely performed. A higher level of PSA could mean that you have prostate cancer, but it could also mean that you have an enlargement or infection of the prostate. If your PSA is high, or if your doctor finds anything during the rectal exam, he or she may perform a biopsy to determine the cause.
Your treatment will depend on what kind of cancer cells you have, how aggressive they are, your age and general health, and your preferences. At Urology Center of Las Vegas, you and the doctor may decide to treat your cancer with surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, or a combination.
If surgery is the best option for you, we will perform a prostatectomy to remove the entire prostate. Another option for prostate cancer treatment is radiation therapy. This will be performed by either external beam radiation and/or radiation seed implantation.
In addition to radiation therapy, we can also treat prostate cancer with hormone therapy. Prostate cancer cells use testosterone to grow; therefore, by reducing the amount of testosterone in a manšs body, the cancer cells will waste away and die. When hormone therapy does not work, chemotherapy is our next choice for treatment.
Lastly, we also use High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) to treat prostate cancer. HIFU uses high intensity focused ultrasound waves to completely destroy the prostate. This innovative technique is highly successful and side effects such as impotence and incontinence are eliminated, unlike the other treatments. Learn more about HIFU.